In a recently-published video, geology lecturer Arjan Dijkstra dons a white lab coat and a protective face shield, drops an iPhone 4S into a blender, and pulverizes it. Dijkstra wasn’t taking out his frustration on his phone in a culinary setting—the act of destruction was all in the name of raising public awareness.
Dijkstra and fellow University of Plymouth geology lecturer Colin Wilkins want to document and bring attention to the amount of raw material in our smartphones, including conflict minerals—metals that are often traded or sold to finance armed groups in conflict zones. Smartphone makers like Apple provide a broad outline (pdf) of what metals the company uses, but not the exact makeup of the components in phones and tablets.
The goal of the experiment was to “show everybody just how much of these materials are used in what is quite a small item—that we put into our pockets,” Wilkins says.
After decimating the iPhone, the two scientists separated its remains into several petri dishes. A small mound of fine powder residue was then mixed with sodium peroxide at a scorching hot temperature of nearly 500˚C (932˚F) to study the chemical composition of the smartphone.
The results indicated the iPhone contained a fair amount of base metals, including an estimated 33 grams (1.1 oz) of iron, 6 grams of copper, 2.7 grams of nickel, and 0.7 grams of tin. Rare earth metals typically linked to conflict mining, including tungsten (900 mg or 0.03 oz) and cobalt (70 mg) were also detected, as well as small amounts of precious metals like gold and silver.
The researchers concluded that a hefty 10 to 15 kilograms (22 to 33 lbs) of ore, which minerals are extracted from, would need to be mined to produce a single smartphone.
Experiments deconstructing the contents of phones have been donebefore, and the geology lecturers admit they made the video to grab attention—even hiring a creative agency to help. They hope the slick film will be a useful reminder of the environmental and humanitarian toll of the world’s smartphone frenzy. “If we consider that we’re making 1.4 billion phones a year, then the consequences of not making an effort to recycle some or all of that metal are very significant,” Wilkins says.
The blender experiment comes a month after Apple filed its 2018 Conflict Minerals Report with the SEC, saying it remains committed to sourcing minerals that do not fuel armed conflict or aid those groups. But NGO reports have cast doubt on the effectiveness of efforts by electronic, electric vehicle, and phone-makers to curb the use of minerals and metals linked to rights violations. “Apple is the industry leader for responsible cobalt sourcing—but the bar is low,” Amnesty said in 2017.
The issue has not been an easy one for the tech giant to grapple with. In 2010, a consumer emailed Apple founder Steve Jobs about the company’s efforts at sourcing conflict-free minerals, according to The Daily Beast. “We require all our suppliers to certify in writing that they use conflict [free] materials,” Jobs responded.”But honestly there is no way for them to be sure. Until someone invents a way to chemically trace minerals from the source mine, it’s a very difficult problem.”
Classic makeup is synonymous with iconic makeup. When we think about classic makeup looks, our minds go back to the ones worn by stars in Old Hollywood. These looks continue to be worn today, due to their timeless nature.
But how can you recreate these timeless makeup looks yourself? And how can you pair these makeup looks with the classic outfits that you already have?
Below are three classic makeup tutorials that you can use all year long, for a variety of situations. They’re perfect for girls with classic style.
1. Nude and classic
This makeup look is so simple to do and not only that, it’s gorgeous. This look is classic because it is minimalistic and all you have to do is enhance your natural look with a few key products.
I wear this look for pretty much everything I do; whether it’s going to school, going out with friends for dinner, or having a weekend adventure. This look also goes with any outfit you want though for a fancy occasion, you may want to try one of the next two tutorials.
2. Red Lip, Cat Eye
Everyone knows that Taylor Swift totally rocks this look so if that classic girl can, so can you.
The cat eye may be intimidating but with the help of this makeup tutorial, you will be a pro. A red lip is also a good choice if you want to stand out from the crowd without sporting an insane amount of makeup.
You can use this makeup look for fancier occasions or for your day to day streetwear.
3. Glamorous Girl’s Night Out
Who doesn’t love putting on a little extra makeup for a fancy event or night out? This look, despite its glamorous appearance, is really quite simple and is perfect for the classic girl who wants to add a bit more pizazz to her night out makeup routine.
If you want to, this look can even be worn in day to day life if you like wearing extra makeup on a daily basis. I absolutely love the gold in this, a classic color, to really make the whole look pop.
What’s your favorite classic makeup look? Do you have any tutorials that you love to follow? Let us know in the comments!
Old Hollywood-style makeup will never go out of fashion and these three classic makeup looks are guaranteed to last you through every event, every year, and every outfit. You can’t go wrong with classic makeup; it’s relatively simple and easy to do. Try doing one of these classic looks for your next event!
Glynne kicked off the empowering ballad in an ivory gown with shoulder cutouts, singing into a mirror while flanked by an army of women peering into ring lights.
“Sometimes I try to embrace all my insecurities/ So I won’t wear makeup on Thursday/ ’Cause who I am is enough,” Glynne sang while removing her false eyelashes and wiping away her makeup.
Seated next to Glynne in a transparent jacket and sunglasses, H.E.R. took over the song’s second verse as the rest of the women onstage confidently revealed the faces underneath their makeup, their smiles projected onto screens throughout the arena.
For the rousing final chorus, the two stars stepped out from behind the mirrors as all the women silently rose in a powerful statement of female solidarity.
Glynne was nominated for four awards at this year’s ceremony, including British female solo artist, British artist video of the year and two separate nominations for British single of the year.
The 61st Annual Grammy Awards are broadcasting live from Staples Center in Los Angeles on Sunday, Feb. 10 at 8:00 p.m. ET/5:00 p.m. PT on CBS
The biggest contender for Best Original Song at the 2019 Oscars just added another plus to its list.
Lady Gaga and Bradley Cooper‘s hit “Shallow” from A Star Is Born picked up the 2019 Grammy Award for best song written for visual media at this year’s ceremony. The Grammy goes to Gaga, along with cowriters Mark Ronson, Anthony Rossomando and Andrew Wyatt.
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Gaga shared her excitement over the win on Twitter.
“I’m not gonna be able to wear any makeup tonight. We just won our first of Grammy nominations for the night. I’m in tears with honor and gratitude. Thank you @RecordingAcad#Grammys#Grammy and my co-writers and Bradley I love you so much thank you,” the pop star wrote Sunday night before the show.
Her longtime collaborator Ronson also tweeted, simply writing: “Yes!!!!$$!$$!!!!!!!!!!!!!”
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“Shallow” was up against fellow Oscar hopeful “All the Stars” from Black Panther, “Mystery of Love” from Call Me By Your Name, “Remember Me” from Coco and last year’s Oscar winner “This Is Me” from The Greatest Showman.
Gaga was nominated for five awards at the 2019 Grammys; in addition to winning best song written for visual media, she also took home the best pop solo performance award — for “Joanne (Where Do You Think You’re Goin’?)” — before the telecast started.
Bolstered by Gaga’s booming vocals and Cooper’s crooning intro, “Shallow” was an immediate hit when it first came out ahead of the movie’s October release. It went on to win a Golden Globe at this year’s show and is the favorite heading into the Oscars on Feb. 24.
Earlier in the evening, “Shallow” also won the U.K.’s BAFTA award for best original music.
“I can’t believe we just won Best Original Music @BAFTA ‘s . I wish so much I was there but am at the Grammy’s to show them our love as well. We made a film about music. This means the world to me. Thank u to all our fans we love u so much, we wouldn’t be here without u,” Gaga tweeted.
The 61st Annual Grammy Awards are broadcasting live from Staples Center in Los Angeles on Sunday, Feb. 10 at 8:00 p.m. ET/5:00 p.m. PT on CBS.